Alocasia Care Guide - Plant Care Pro

The Ultimate Alocasia Care Guide

Thinking of creating a tropical heaven in your home interior? Alocasia will help you to do so. All Alocasia species are famous for their aesthetic leaves, and this care instruction may answer your basic questions regarding all the family members like – Alocasia Jacklyn.

Before moving into Alocasia care instructions, let’s take a basic dive into this excellent plant’s family, characteristics, and benefits.

What is Alocasia?


Alocasia is an alluring flowering plant from the Kingdom of Plantae and the family Araceae. It is perennial, wide-leaved, and belongs to the rhizomatous and tuberous genus. Alocasia is well-known as Elephant’s Ear among green activists.

However, these pot plants are primarily seen in tropical and subtropical eastern Australia and Asia. As the most appealing indoor plant, it thrives in your in-house environment.

Common NameAlocasia, Elephant’s Ear
Botanical NameAlocasia spp
Plant TypeHerbaceous Perennial
Mature SizeMostly 2–10 ft. tall, 2-10 ft. spread
Sun ExposurePart shade on outdoors, bright indirect indoor light
Soil TypeLoose, well-draining potting mix or crumbly loam
Soil PHSlightly acidic (5.5 to 6.5)
Bloom TimeSpring and summer
All About Alocasia Plant

Types of Alocasia

Alocasia has almost 90 accepted species native to tropical and subtropical regions. Surprisingly, most of them are popular houseplants. All species are admired for their unique beauty.


Alocasia Polly

Alocasia Polly is also known as Alocasia X Amazonica or African Mask Plant. The sub-types are prevalent for glossy leaves. It is hybrid and has V-shaped edges with great white veins.


Alocasia Zebrina

Alocasia Zebrina is known chiefly as the zebra plant. As the stems are patterned like zebra’s coats, it enhances the beauty of where it is planted. In addition, it has impressive dark green arrow-shaped leaves.

Black Velvet

Alocasia Black Velvet

Alocasia Reginula, known as Alocasia Black Velvet, is the perfect houseplant for a small space. It has heart or arrow-shaped and tropical-looking leaves. Besides, it is also known as the jewel Alocasia.


Alocasia Kris

Alocasia Sanderiana, which we know in the name of the Kris plant. It grows well where there is a good amount of indirect light. It is mostly cultivated as an ornamental plant for its large, arrow-shaped, deep green leaves with white veins.

What are the Benefits of Alocasia?

Alocasia has a wide range of conventional benefits connected to different biological terms. It is associated with antihyperglycemic, anti-microbial, and anti-inflammatory properties.

Also, it is one of the best natural air purifiers for your home. Some people think fortune smiles on them if an Alocasia plant is in their house.

Alocasia Care and Growing Guide

Alocasia Care

If you meet their needs, Alocasia is the most delightful indoor plant. But you must think twice before planting if you have children or pets in your home because the beautiful leaves are very toxic. Also, you must routinely throw out the stagnant water, which is a hassle.

However, if you take good care of your Alocasia plant, it will bloom fastly and mesmerize you with its beauty. By nature, these compact plants grow beneath a tree canopy.

Furthermore, Alocasia grows quickly in the summer. It produces a leaf every week. As they are in direct sunlight but bright and high humidity-loving plants, you should keep them in a warm place in cold months.

In addtion, depending on the species, Alocasia grows between eight and ten ft. tall. Even if you take care of your plant, it might need more time to reach a mature size when growing it in indoor containers.

But it will bloom quickly and beautifully when you develop this in an optimal outdoor situation. To ensure the healthy growth of your Alocasia, you must maintain the following factors –


Alocasia demands to be under bright indirect light. It overgrows and produces a leaf in one week in this circumstance. A location near a window generally provides the required sun exposure for Alocasia.

The proportion and type of light rely on the species. Some species require direct sunlight, and their leaves are defined. All alocasia plants demand bright light; lower light levels will affect their growth. A mature alocasia with plenty of light in indoor conditions can grow up to 2 ft with a 1-2 ft span.


The soil for planting Alocasia must be slightly acidic. You should maintain the Ph while making the potting mix.

In addition, Alocasia demands a loose and well-drained potting mix. If you are using pre-mixed soils, then ensure that there are sufficient organic properties.

Also, you must make the drainage system good as Alocasia doesn’t like wet feet.


Alocasia is a water-loving plant—the acidic soil it requires to be moist but not soggy. Ensure the ground is 25 or 50% dry before watering the plant. You should water the plant until the water comes out from the bottom drainage hole.

In the winter months, the plant requires less water. Before watering in those months, let the top few inches of soil become dry.

Temperature and Humidity

The perfect temperature for Alocasia is above 60 degrees Fahrenheit. It will suffer from blooming below 50 degrees Fahrenheit.

As the plant demands humid conditions, you can do some tricks to increase the humidity around your plant. A pebble tray is one of the best hacks for raising humidity. You can place a tray and fill it with pebbles and water. Then place your plant on the tray.

To maintain a humidity level greater than 50%, you can also use a humidifier or place your Alocasia in the kitchen or bathroom for extra humidity.

Try to keep the plant away from your house’s cold drafts or windy spots like air conditioning, doors, and windows.

During the winter season, make sure to place them in a warm indoor location when the plant becomes dormant. Remember to check your Alocasia’s moisture level every 7 to 10 days.

For ample air circulation for proper plant growth, maintain a gap of six inches from walls or any solid object.


For the growing season, use liquid fertilizer with a 20-20-20 nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus formulation. You can also feed the plant with a diluted regular houseplant fertilizer.

You must fertilize it routinely (once a month) when the plant is growing actively. The process of fertilization pushes out new growth and wide Alocasia leaves.

Additionally, slow-release fertilizers are also suitable for Alocasia plants. You should not fertilize the plant when it is in its dormant phase.


Pruning helps a lot to grow a plant. Alocasia is also similar. The pruning of dead leaves allows them to grow more beautifully.

Pruning helps reach nutrients only to the healthy leaves and grow more actively. It would help if you pruned the old or dead leaves, as a stem only produces one leaf.

However, use sharp pruning shears or scissors. You should prune the stem as close to the bottom as possible. You can also prune the yellow or old leaves.

But you should prune the Alocasia plant in spring or summer. Because in these seasons, Alocasia grows effectively and rapidly.


Alocasia’s most familiar and easy propagating process is clump or rhizome division. You can quickly produce more plants with the process. You should do the division process in spring as it is the bloom time of Alocasia.

Follow the propagation process step by step. As the process is straightforward, you can do it independently, even at home. You can also grow more plants by cutting roots.

The Division Process

  • Step-1: You must gently remove the entire plant from the container. Then with the help of a secateur, detach the clump of the root you want from the parent plant.
  • Step-2: Clean the clump with prune shears or scissors. Then place the clump in new compost and replant the mother plant. Assure the clump is at the same depth as the mother plant.
  • Step-3: You have to keep the clump moist and warm. In general, within a couple of weeks, roots come out. Then the baby plant is ready for potting.
Pro Tip
  • Ensure that the clump has a good amount of rhizome to divide

The Root Cutting Process

  • Step-1: In this process, you must remove the mother plant and cut some roots up to 10 cm long.
  • Step-2: Make a peat-free compost with perlite and evenly place it on a tray. Place the roots on the top of this.
  • Step-3: Now cover the roots with grits. Ensure the warmth and moisture of the tray. The roots will be ready within six weeks.
Pro Tip
  • Choose roots that are healthy and fleshy.

Type of Pot to Use for Alocasia

Type of Pot to Use for Alocasia

The principal characteristic of an Alocasia pot is a sound drainage system. You should select a pot with sufficient holes for the water to come out before replanting Alocasia. If the water stands, you will want a different response. So, the soil should be moist but not soggy.

You must use The Alocasia pot 36 inches wide and 16 inches deep. As this tropical plant grows fast, big pots help it to grow as it wants. Also, a large pot dries slowly and makes the soil moist for a long time.

In addition, if you’re thinking of repotting your Alocasia, you must do this in Spring and Summer’s bloom in a new container with fresh soil. Rather, if the pot is too large, it will be hard for the plant to absorb the water.

As a tradition, you may use plain terra cotta, but using a plastic, fiberglass, or glazed clay pot is better. Plastic pots keep your soil moist for a long time.

On the other hand, clay pots allow airflow from the roots to the ground. Even these pots lessen the weight of a long plant and save it from breaking down by any bubbly child or pet.

How to Grow Alocasia from Seed?

The propagation of Alocasia from seed is a very unfamiliar and slow process. It takes around a year to bloom into a full-sized plant. Although the process takes much time and care, it is enjoyable.

Extract the seeds from the dried pods if you have a mature plant. Then you have to plant it in an organic and peat-based potting mix. Show the seeds on the top and sprinkle some potting mix on it. Make sure the seeds are in a sticky situation but not soggy.

As we know, Romeo wasn’t built in a day. The propagation from seed takes a reasonable amount of time and care. If you take good care of the seeds, you can have a full-sized plant with enormous leaves for around a year.

Common Pests & Plant Diseases

Alocasia is vernacular to tropical regions and is prone to different pests and plant diseases. It may be bothered by mealybugs, spider mites, scale, and aphids inside the house. To eliminate these pests, you can use insecticidal soap or horticultural oil.

Alocasia plants can also get fungal diseases such as root rot, leaf spot, powdery mildew, etc. You can get rid of these diseases with the help of fungicidal sprays.

Take good care, like detaching damaged or dead leaves and ensuring no soggy soil. Your plant will grow well without having almost any attack of pests and diseases.

How to Get Alocasia to Bloom?

Alocasia is more widely known for its leaves than its flowers. Whereas it is a flowering plant, it grows beautiful light butter-yellow colored flowers. It blooms in springtime.

Though the flowers are more likely to be seen in older plants. If you want the benefits of seed, then you must put your plant outdoors in spring and summer.

Additionally, Alocasia blooms when it is less stressed. It needs more sunlight to feel relieved. Just disclose it to the lighter part of your room, and it will mesmerize you with its huge leaves and charming flowers.

Common Problems With Alocasia

As a houseplant, Alocasia is fantastic. They are easy to grow with proper lighting and watering. But there are some common problems you can have while increasing your Alocasia. Such as:

Yellowing Leaves

Yellowing Leaves

Are you watering the plant properly? If you notice yellow leaves on your plant, this should be the first question that comes to your mind. As Alocasia drinks a lot, you need to water it properly. But if you put excess water than required, that will also cause yellow leaves.

Less filtered light or small pots are also one of the most significant causes of changing the leaf color.

Shriveled or Drooping Leaves

Drooping Leaves

Suppose you notice shriveled or drooping leaves on your pot plants. In that case, it must result from your poor watering, lightening, and fertilizing process. Prolonged direct light can also cause leaf scorch and drooping.

Alocasia is straightforward to grow if you do the growing process correctly. The soil must be moist, not soggy; plants must get bright indirect sunlight, and proper fertilizers are also needed. You will face shriveled or drooping leaves if one is not done correctly.

Mastering Alocasia Care – Tips and Tricks

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How long does an Alocasia live?

What temp is too cold for Alocasia?

Are Elephant’s ears lucky?

Are Elephant’s Ears poisonous?

Elephant Ears clean the air?

Final Thoughts

Last but not least, Alocasia is an incredible houseplant that will give your indoors and outdoors a tropical vibe. It is the most admired indoor plant among houseplant enthusiasts. It is an easy to maintain plant that purifies the air and spreads a pleasant aura.

As you have come across the whole article, you know everything about growing and caring for these beautiful pot plants. You can easily plant and take care of the plant.

So, at the drop of a hat, you should plant Alocasia in a warm place with bright but indirect sunlight and ample humidity and make your home like a tropical paradise.

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